A monument is an object or building that serves to encourage the memory of a person (who has died) or the event. It reminds of the past, and as such is a protected cultural good.
Among the most common forms of monuments are artistic objects such as sculptures, statue poles or fountains.
We bring you five monuments built in honor of war victories, revolutions and kings; on top of which are mythological goddesses or gods…
Victoria Memorial – London
Victoria Memorial is a Queen Victoria monument built in 1911, located in front of Buckingham Palace in London. It was designed by Sir Thomas Brock in 1901; ten years later construction began and lasted until 1924.
During the Million Mask March (movement against corruption in politics, demilitarization, police violence and self-governance) in 2013 the monument was damaged by the protesters so monument is always kept by the police during the following year’s protests.
“Victoria with wings” was the personified goddess of victory in ancient Roman religion.
Independence Monument – Kiev
Independence Monument is monument located on the Independence Square in Kiev, Ukraine, and symbolises the birth of a new state and is one of the most striking sculptural works of the country.
The height of this magnificient monument is 61 m (200 ft).
It was presented on 10th Anniversary of the independence of Ukraine in 2001 and was made by sculptor Anatoly Wassylowytsch Kuschtsch.
At the top is the 9-meter statue of “Berehynia” with guelder-rose branch in her arms, in modern Ukrainian Native Faith national goddess know as protectoress of mother earth.
El Ángel (Angel of Independence) – Mexico City
El Ángel is a victory column on a roundabout on the major thoroughfare of Paseo de la Reforma in downtown Mexico City.
It has become one of Mexico City’s most famous landmarks, and is often a place of protest or some of the most important events.
The total height of the monument is 36 meters. At the top there is a sculpture of women with wings; although it is called an “angel” it is actually the goddess Victory from Roman mythology.
July Column – Paris
Colonne de Juillet (July Column) is a monument from 1835 commemorating the Revolution of 1830. It is in the center of Place de la Bastille, in Paris.
The monument is 47 meters high, and the names of those who died during the July 1830 revolution were engraved on it. The figure of a winged man at the top is the Spirit of Freedom.
Victory Column – Berlin
The Victory Column is a monument in Berlin made in 1864 and designed by architect Heinrich Strack.
At the top is a woman with wings sometimes called by the Germans “Goldelse” (Golden Lizzy), and in fact it is a Victory goddess as well as many other monuments raised in honor of war victories.
The total height of the monument is 67 meters, while the height of the figure at the top is 6.7 meters, and it is completely covered with 24 carat gold.